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TECH TIPS

Hard Drive Installation for early Windows operating systems.

by Ron Everitt
Hard drive installation is carried out slightly differently depending on whether it is the primary hard drive or if it is a secondary drive.
If there is already a primary C: drive installed the system can be booted on that drive and installation of a second or subsequent drive is fairly straightforward.
If you are setting up a new system it is necessary to have a floppy disk with a suitable system and formatting capability.
This should also have the facility to enable the CD-ROM drive.
Secondary Drive Installation.
The normal motherboard is fitted with two IDE controller connectors each of which will take a cable with two hard drive connectors.
These are labelled Primary and Secondary controllers.
The drives connected to each cable will be described as Master and Slave so we have a Primary Master and Slave and a Secondary Master and Slave.
The Hard drive is configured as Master or Slave normally by setting jumpers on a set of pins located next to the cable connector on the drive.
Most of the new drives have the setting details printed on the face of the drive.
Failing this there will be a leaflet supplied with the drive.
If you have an old drive and cannot find the setting information you should contact the drive manufacturer either by telephone or on their web page.
Set up the drive and connect the power and IDE cable and switch on the system.
Enter the Set-up screen and select the Standard CMOS Set-up.
The hard drive can be set to Auto or alternatively enter the IDE HDD Auto detection set-up.
This cycles through the connected Hard Drives and identifies the characteristics.
Finish by saving the new settings.
The system will now continue its boot-up procedure.
After boot-up click on Start and then Run.
In the Open bar type fdisk and click on OK.
An fdisk Window appears on the screen which will say that the computer has a disk larger that 512 MB and asks you if you wish to enable large disk support? Type Y and Enter The next screen to appear is titled FDISK Options and reads Current Fixed Disk Drive: 1 Choose one of the following:.
1. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive.
2. Set active partition.
3. Delete Partition or Logical DOS Drive.
4. Display partition information.
5. Change current fixed disk drive.
Option 5 is only displayed if you have more than one drive.
Below this it says
Enter choice; [1]
Press ESC to exit FDISK
If you have only one drive and this is being set-up then just press 'Enter' otherwise enter 5 to change the drive.
This will then give you a list of drives and sizes connected to the system
Enter the number of the drive you want to set up.
For a two drive system this will be 2 The screen will then return to the previous screen.
Enter 1 to create a DOS partition The system will then carry out a check on your drive and then display a new menu Create DOS Partition or Logical DOS Drive
Current Fixed Drive: 2
Choose one of the following:
1. Create Primary DOS partition
2. Create Extended DOS partition
3. Create logical DOS drive(s) in the extended DOS partition
Enter choice: [1]
Press ESC to return to FDISK Options
If you decide to choose 1 a new message will appear and ask:
Do you wish to use the maximum size for a primary DOS Partition and make the partition active (Y/N) ? [Y]
If you choose Y then the entire drive will be made into one large drive.
If you choose N the system will display the maximum size and ask what percentage or megabytes you want to assign as the primary drive.
The maximum partition size is a function of the Operating System and the Motherboard BIOS.
For example if you are using an early version of Windows 95 the maximum permitted partition size will be two gigabytes.
Motherboards more than two to three years old may also limit the maximum disk size to 8 GB and even older motherboards may be less than that.
Before buying a new drive check the capability of the motherboard and operating system.
If you chose less than 100% for the primary partition then you can now use option 2 and create an extended DOS partition.
This must be the maximum left after the Primary partition has been set up.
If you want to subdivide the extended DOS partition then continue with the third option to create logical DOS drives in the extended partition.
If you are working in Drive 1 then return to the first Option screen and set the primary partition to Active.
Now press ESC and return to Windows.
The system must now be rebooted so the new drives become visible.
The final procedure is to format the drives that have been created by FDISK.
Identify the appropriate drive letter and then either from DOS or from the RUN option of START type FORMAT X: where X is the drive identifier letter.
FORMAT X:/S will format the drive and add a system.
If you are working with a new C: drive then the system must be booted up with a suitable floppy drive.
This can be a WINDOWS Start-up disk created by an existing system or a boot disk provided by the CD-ROM manufacturer.
If the C: drive is formatted the final step is to install Windows from a CD-ROM disk.

 

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